BELGESEL ANLATISININ DİJİTAL PLATFORMLARDA GÖRÜNÜMÜ: NETFLİX BELGESELLERİNİN ANALİZİ


Abstract views: 100 / PDF downloads: 32

Authors

  • Mustafa AYDEMİR
  • Nevin SİLYANOĞLU AYDEMİR

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10492446

Keywords:

Belgesel, Etkileşim, Yeni Medya, Seri İzleme, Netflix

Abstract

Televizyon yayıncılığının internet üzerinden çeşitli abonelik modelleriyle sunulması kullanıcıların yönelim değişkenliğini zaman yönetimi, içerik denetimi ve türler üzerinden pazarlanmasını sağlamaktadır. Belgesel alanı, küresel yayıncılık sisteminde bilgi-eğlence anlayışı ile birlikte belgeleme kültürünün doğal bir yansıması olarak ana akım medya dışında dijital mecralardan gelen yönelimlerle içeriğini değiştirmektedir. Dijital ağ platformları arasında Netflix, Sadece Netflix’te ve Netflix Orijinal etiketleriyle belgeselin içerik dili ile anlatı modeline göre ağ kullanıcılarının izleme davranışlarını da dönüştürebilmektedir. Bu çalışmada Netflix tarafından dünyada yayınlanan belgesel yapımları, içerik yapısı ile niceliksel özellikleri bakımından 1-31 Mart 2023 dönemi arasında incelenmiştir. Bu incelemelere göre toplamda 913 yapım tespit edilirken belgesel yapımlarının 158 adet ve %17,3 orana sahip olduğu saptanmıştır. ABD 99 yapım ile ilk sırada yer alırken İngiltere 13, Fransa 6, İspanya 5, Avustralya 4 yapımla beşinci sırada yer almaktadır. Kıtalara göre dağılımlarda ise Kuzey Amerika kıtası 107 yapım ve %67,72 oran ile birinci, Avrupa 31 yapım ve %19,62 yapımla ikinci sıradadır. Asya kıtası 10 yapım ve %6,32 oran ile üçüncü sırada yer alırken Güney Amerika beş yapım ve %3,79 ile üçüncü, Avustralya 4 yapım ve %2,53 ile dördüncü, Afrika ise 1 yapım ve %0,63 oran ile beşinci sırada yer almaktadır

References

Adaklı, G. (2010). Neoliberalizm ve medya: dünyada ve Türkiye’de medya endüstrisinin dönüşümü, mülkiye dergisi Cilt: XXXIV Sayı:269.

Aston, J., & Gaudenzi, S. (2012). Interactive documentary: Setting the field. Studies in Documentary Film, 6(2), 125–139. https://doi.org/10.1386/sdf.6.2.125_1

Aston, J., Gaudenzi, S. & Rose, M. (2017). I-Docs: The Evolving Practices of Interactive Documentary. New York Chichester, West Sussex: Columbia University Press. https://doi.org/10.7312/asto18122

Aufderheide, P. (2015). Interactive documentaries: Navigation and design. Journal of Film and Video, 67(3–4), 69–78. https://doi.org/10.5406/jfilmvideo.67.3-4.0069

Bhawan, M.D. & Marg, J. L. N. (2015). Regulatory framework for over-the-top (OTT) services, New Delhi – 110002, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, Consultation Paper No: 2/2015.

Bolter, J. D. & Grusin, R. (2000). Remediation/understanding new media. MIT Press Paperback Edition.

Boyd-Barrett, O. (1977). Media Imperialism: Towards an International Framework for the Analysis of Media Systems. Media, Culture & Society, 1(3), 217-235.

Chang, Y.J., & Peng, C.Y. (2022). Exploring experiences of binge-watching and perceived addictiveness among binge-watchers: A qualitative study, BMC Public Health, 22, 2285 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-14789-z

Da Costa, J.C.R. (2021). Binge-watching: Self-care or self-harm? Understanding the health subjectivities of binge-watchers. Journal of Health Psychology. 2021;26(9):1420-1432. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105319877231

Deuze, M. (2007). Convergence culture in the creative industries. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 10(2), 243–263 https://doi.org/10.1177/1367877907076793

Flayelle, M., Maurage, P., Lorenzo, K., Vögele, C., Gainsbury, S., & Billieux, J. (2020). Binge-watching: what do we know so far? a first systematic review of the evidence. Current Addiction Reports. 7. 44-60. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40429-020-00299-8

Hooper, M., Moyler, A., & Nicoll, R. (2010). Over The Top TV (OTT TV) delivery platforms review. Paper BCI. https://713.502757813.xyz:58303/over-the-top-tv/ott-tv-white-paper/

Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence culture: Where old and new media collide. New York, USA: New York University Press.

Jensen, J.F. (1998). Interactivity: Tracking a New Concept in Media and Communication Studies. Nordicom Review, 12.

Kay, A., & Goldberg, A. (1977). Personal dynamic media. Computer, 10(3), 31–41. https://doi.org/10.1109/C-M.1977.217672

Kiousis, S. (2002). Interactivity: A concept explication. New Media & Society, 4(3), 355–383. https://doi.org/10.1177/146144480200400303

Lee, S., Lee, S., Joo, H., & Nam, Y. (2021). Examining factors influencing early paid over-the-top video streaming market growth: A cross-country empirical study. Sustainability, 13. 5702. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su13105702

Manovich, L. (2001). The Language of new media. MIT Press.

McCormick, R. (1969). Review of Mass Communications and American Empire, by H. I. Schiller, Cinéaste, 3(3), 22–24.

McMullan, J. (2017). A new understanding of ‘New media’. Convergence: The International Journal of Research Into New Media Technologies, Online.

McPhail, T. L. (1987). Electronic Colonialism: The Future of International Broadcasting and Communication. Sage Publications.

Nash, K. (2017). I-docs and the documentary tradition: Exploring questions of engagement. In J. Aston, S. Gaudenzi, & M. Rose (Eds.), i-Docs: The evolving practices of interactive documentary (pp. 9–25). New York, USA: Columbia University Press.

Netflix. (2022). Netflix annual reports. https://ir.netflix.net/financials/annualreports-and-proxies/default.aspx.

Pittman, M., & Sheehan, K. (2015). Sprinting a media marathon: Uses and gratifications of binge-watching television through Netflix. First Monday, 20(10), n.p. http://dx.doi.org/10.5210/fm.v20i10.6138

Ramsay, D. (2013). Confessions of a binge watcher. CST Online. https://cstonline.net/confessions-of-a-binge-watcher-by-debra-ramsay/

Robertson, R. (1995). Glocalization: Time-space and Homogeneityheterogeneity, in Global Modernities, M. Featherstone et al. (Eds.), Sage.

Said, E. W. (1994). Culture and Imperialism. Vintage Books.

Starosta, J.A., & Izydorczyk, B. (2020). Understanding the phenomenon of binge-watching-a systematic review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jun 22,17(12):4469. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124469

Schiller, H. I. (1969). Mass Communications and American Empire. Augustus M. Kelley.

Thompson, John B. (1995). The Media and modernity: A social theory of the media. Stanford University Press.

Tolba, A. A., & Zoghaib, S. Z. (2022). Understanding the binge-watching phenomenon on Netflix and its association with depression and loneliness in Egyptian adults. Media Watch, 13(3), 264-279. https://doi.org/10.1177/09760911221117339

Tomlinson, J. (1991). Cultural Imperialism: A Critical Introduction. The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Wang, Y. (2023). Research on Narrative Strategies and Innovations of Netflix Documentaries in the Grierson Model: Take Documentary City of Wonder as An Example, Advances in Education, Humanities and Social Science Research ICSECSD 2023 ISSN:2790-167X Volume-7-(2023), ss. 36-40. https://doi.org/10.56028/aehssr.7.1.36.2023

Wang, Y. (2022). Netflix: How to keep a continued success. Advances in economics, business and management research, volume 219, Proceedings of the 2022 2nd International Conference on Enterprise Management and Economic Development (ICEMED 2022), 1215-1219, 2022.

Wiener, N. (1950). The human use of human beings: cybernetics and society. Houghton Mifflin.

Yamashita, S. (2003). Introduction: ‘Glocalizing’ Southeast Asia in globalization in Southeast Asia, Shinji Yamashita and J.S. Eades. (Eds.), Berghahn.

Zeng, F. & Yang, X. (2012). Marketing strategy of pay channels, Asian Social Science; Vol. 8, No. 15; 2012, 46-52, ISSN 1911-2017 E-ISSN 1911-2025 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education, Online Published: November 30, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ass.v8n15p46.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-20

How to Cite

AYDEMİR, M., & AYDEMİR, N. S. (2023). BELGESEL ANLATISININ DİJİTAL PLATFORMLARDA GÖRÜNÜMÜ: NETFLİX BELGESELLERİNİN ANALİZİ. ASES INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CULTURE, ART AND LITERATURE (ISSN: 3023-5480), 2(1), 61–78. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10492446

Issue

Section

Articles